The European Union has Approved the Controversial Reform of Copyright on the Internet

MEPs, meeting Wednesday in Brussels, voted for changes in the copyright directive, paving the way for a comprehensive reform of the way the web works. At the heart of the debate: the royalties that the giants of the internet will have to pay the media to use their content.

Radio-Canada with The Verge, Politico, and The Times of India

First, the Bill had been rejected by Parliament last July, before be amended for a second vote. The initial rejection was largely attributed to articles 11 and 13, that divided members of Parliament and civil society.

Article 11, known as the ‘tax links,’ would force all platforms that present excerpts of journalistic content to compensate the authors. In other words, sites like Facebook or Google, that presents an overview of the newspaper articles when someone shares, should pay the media to do so. Only small sites or individuals who purchased a license may use the content of a media group without consequence.

Meanwhile, article 13 would force all sites, except the smallest, to prohibit the uploading of content to copyright, including text, sound, images, video, and code. This would also apply to the content posted by independent creators on YouTube, Instagram or Facebook

Silicon Valley against the media for

Those who criticize articles 11 and 13 believe that Bill could have disastrous consequences for the web. They also point out that the major platforms like Google have always managed to avoid taxes the content to which they point.

Many groups are worried about disappearing parodies, critics and Internet memes. Finally, critics of the reform say that only the giants of the web would have the resources to analyze all the content uploaded on their platforms to detect the elements subject to copyright.

Advocates of the Bill believe that the controversy surrounding articles 11 and 13 were fuelled by the conglomerates of the Silicon Valley, looking to retain their stranglehold on the web.

Media groups including hope to regain a share of the advertising profits that eludes them since the advent of social networks. Advocates of the new directive add that exemptions to the law will allow many platforms, including Wikipedia and GitHub, continue their activities as before.

A final vote before the ratification

MEPs have finally passed the Bill to 438 votes for, 226 against and 39 abstentions.

To be formalized, the directive must now be ratified in a vote in January 2019. If this ultimate vote turns out to be positive, it would be for member countries to apply individually, which could change the interpretation of the law.

The adoption of the reform could change the face of the web around the world since most of the major platforms are accessible both in Europe and elsewhere in the world.

About Intensive Care Reform Package

The reanimation package of reform is an initiative of public activists, experts and journalists who have United to accelerate reform implementation in the country.
From protest to inquiry!
The idea to create the RPR appeared in January 2018 on the Maidan. The activists decided to direct the energy of protest of millions of people in a creative direction-the reform of the country. Instead of talking about disagreements, work together on reforms that will change the country for all citizens of Ukraine in the West, East, South and North. More than 300 experts, activists, journalists, scientists, human rights activists from 50 of the most famous Ukrainian analytical centers and public organizations United around the RPR. Participants RPR together are developing bills that are making their adoption and control the embodiment of the reform laws.
What has been done? This is what some professionals had to say.

After the formation of a new majority In the Parliament of the VII convocation, 29 laws were adopted, which were developed or finalized by the experts of the Resuscitation package of Reforms:

  • Amendments to the law on access to public information (draft 0947);
  • Law on public procurement (draft 4587) and amendments to the previous version of the law (draft 2207);
  • Law on restoring confidence in the judicial system (lustration of judges) (4378-1);
  • Law on Public service broadcasting (project 1076);
  • Amendments to the criminal code necessary for visa liberalization (draft 4556);
  • Law on standardization (draft 4585);
  • Law on Metrology and metrological activities (project 4583));
  • Law on cooperation of territorial communities (project 4756);
  • Law on higher education (project 1187-2);
  • The law on food safety (draft 4179а);
  • Law on of animal identification and registration (draft 4987-1);
  • The law on Prosecutor’s office (project 3541);
  • Law on the system of specially authorized entities in the field of anti-corruption (national Bureau of anti-corruption investigations) (project 5085);
  • Law on the fundamentals of anticorruption policy in Ukraine (Anticorruption strategy) for 2014 – 2017 (draft 4284а);
  • Prevention of corruption act (draft 5113));
  • The act determining the final vegetatarian legal persons and public figures (5114 project);
  • The law on amendments to some laws of Ukraine on the refusal of Ukraine to implement the policy of non-blocking (draft 1014-3);
  • The law on amendments to the Tax code of Ukraine on peculiarities of clarification of tax liabilities from corporate income tax and value added tax in case of application of tax compromise (draft No. 1071-d)
  • Law on amendments to the Law of Ukraine “on financial services and state regulation of financial services markets” regarding disclosure of information (draft No. 1545).
  • Law on technical regulations and conformity assessment (draft No. 1065)
  • Law on voluntary Association of territorial communities (project No. 0915))
  • Law on the basis of state regional policy (draft No. 0908 ))
  • Act on the openness of the use of public funds (project No. 0949)
  • Law on amendments to the Law of Ukraine ” on protection of public morality” (concerning state supervision) (draft No. 1647)
  • The law on amendments to certain legislative acts of Ukraine on ensuring the integrity of the National anti-corruption Bureau of the National Agency for the prevention of corruption (No. 1660-d)
  • Law on amendments to some legislative acts of Ukraine on liability of persons related to the Bank (No. 2085)
  • The law on amendments to section VIII “Final and transitional provisions” of the Law of Ukraine ” on the collection and accounting of a single contribution to compulsory state social insurance” (concerning the reduction of the burden on the wage Fund) (draft No. 1863)
  • Law on amendments to some laws of Ukraine (concerning volunteer activities) (project No. 1408)

Also, due to the pressure of the Resuscitation package of Reforms, an order of the Cabinet of Ministers “on the list of administrative services provided by the Centers for the provision of administrative services“was adopted. Now the most popular among citizens and business administrative services of authorities, will be surely provided in “a single window” in the city councils and RGA.

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brexit analysis

The Brexit: an Analysis of its Effects

Everything was going well. And then, there was the Brexit. These few words are enough, to sum up, economic and financial developments observed in the last month.

The shock wave caused by the Brexit is limited for the time being mainly in Great Britain. It touches on the borders of Europe, but without being devastating, and the rest of the world is still spared. We see three vectors of contagion potential: the vector policy, the economic vector and vector financial. The vector financial is generally the one who responds most to any shocks, and its scope was global when the news was known. Immediately after the vote, the markets have turned risk-off.

The shares have plunged, yields on government bonds have reached lower levels, and currencies have reacted with extreme movement. The British pound has fallen to its lowest level for more than 30 years against the US dollar. While the currencies considered safe havens, including the Japanese yen and the Swiss franc has significantly appreciated. However, the financial markets have for the most part picked beautiful colors.

“Anarchy in the UK”: The Fracture

Compared to the other two vectors, the vector policy, somewhat unusually this time, is a mechanism for rapid transmission. I am still trying to understand what the supporters of the Leave wanted to say with their take back the control. What the Uk is getting closer especially, it is of the fracture, represented by The Economist. On its cover “Anarchy in the UK.” Impossible. When one speaks of anarchy in the United Kingdom not to mention the punk movement of the 1970s.

Their No future is a slogan somewhat appropriate to describe the situation that prevailed in the days that followed the announcement. The fundamental question remains as to whether the article 50 will be activated or not. Which would, if applicable, the countdown to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of the European Union. If there’s a common point between the punk movement and the political chaos that has reigned in the United Kingdom, it is the ephemeral nature. In fact, with the appointment of Theresa May as Prime minister, the political stability seems to have been restored.

In the aftermath of the vote, the 27 member States of the Eu appeared united, and have managed to avoid the shock of institutional and policy British from spreading to the mainland. The political risk in Europe remains one of our primary concerns, even if we welcome this unit suddenly found.

A Recession Inevitable

The last vector, economic, a key to the United Kingdom to the front, starting with the engine of the country, London. Investments and real estate have been hit as soon as the result of the vote was known. A recession seems the most likely outcome. The impact on European activity, although contrary, is more difficult to estimate. According to economists, the growth could be planed down half a percentage point and is expected to reach 1 % for the euro area in the coming quarters. If this forecast is confirmed, the job creation will slow down, just like private consumption.

If the recession is the price to pay for freedom, the French presidential elections and the elections in the German state. Planned in the next year could lead to results pro-establishment. Any recession-generated political causes would cut the grass under the feet of the independent parties and populist.

The economic vector includes still another dimension, the rate of inflation. The Brexit product of the effects of deflation, even if paradoxically, in the weakness of the British pound should push inflation up in the Uk in the coming months. In the Face of this economic outlook darkened, the probability is high that the Bank of England reduces its rate. Or raise its quantitative easing program if the situation were to deteriorate more than expected.

In Europe, the inflation outlook could be revised downward. We remain convinced that Europe does not need additional stimulus measures in the light of monetary conditions is already very accommodative at present. That said, it cannot be excluded that the ECB decides to expand its program. At least it has reached its limit.

In summary, the Brexit has clouded the macroeconomic scenario. In Europe, the main risk relates to political developments are unfavorable, which may arise at any time, as we were brutally reminded the Brexit

Geopolitical Reforms Analysis 2017

Geopolitical Reforms Analysis 2017

Geopolitical Reforms Analysis helped with an operating team including three regional as well as one international specialist which readied. Commentary to the Election Code, a 1st of its kind magazine. The discourse featured recommendations coming from worldwide associations associated with elections. Along with suggestions coming from OSCE and also a lot of targeted at more improving from the political election regulations.

Geopolitical Reforms Analysis 2017

There is a critical necessity in the USA to desert the useless, unsafe, as well as expensive practices. Growing fair treatment body that have been shown to hurt young people. When youth are incarcerated, the goal from all procedure in the course of a little one’s arrest must be rehab, probably no penalty. This is the trademark of the juvenile fair treatment system and also the profound basis of which that was started. The justification for making use of revengeful behavioral therapy approaches within adolescent locations like seclusion. Chemical and physical restraints, and also arbitrary strip searches are exceptionally misguided.  There is no advantage whatsoever to these techniques. They ought to be done away with quickly.

West Europe Reforms Analysis

That is contacting? Angela Merkel voters say the self-defense’s substantial cross exam is time adequately spent. If jurors think they cannot find reputable him or various other key witnesses, then their graphic onlooker accounts from Bulger’s function in some massacres won’t suffice premises to found guilty, based upon Chris Dearborn, a trial, legal professional and also illegal rule professional at Suffolk University in Boston.

Behind time Thursday, the Senate passed a finances planning, assisting to clear the path for a package of tax cuts. A compromise was met between leading Property and also Us senate legislators that will likely clear away the requirement for a conference committee, giving Republican politicians a minimum of a week to carry out, even more, deal with makeover the income tax regulation. The intended slices have been identified to become an essential part of a slate of pro-business legislation promised through President Donald Trump in the course of the 2016 political project.